Are there Incas in Peru today


Machu Picchu was an Inca fortress. The name means old summit in German and is pronounced "matschu piktschu". Behind it, the “young peak” rises like a sugar loaf into the sky. Up to 1000 people lived in Machu Picchu. What the place was built for is not known. Machu Picchu is one of the greatest attractions in South America. A railway line was even built especially for tourism.

The Inca were a high culture, an ancient people, in South America. With “Inka” today we mean either the people of the Inca, or just their rulers. At first they lived around their capital, Cusco, which is now in Peru. From 1438 until the arrival of the Spaniards, the Inca Empire conquered many areas in the area, especially in the Andes Mountains.

The Inca Empire was then the largest in the world in terms of area. It is estimated that between seven and twelve million people lived there. There were many large cities and a well-developed network of roads across the empire. The conquered peoples had to work as slaves for the rulers of the Inca Empire and adopt their language.

In 1528 the conqueror Francisco Pizarro from Spain and his people saw the Inca Empire. Pizarro wanted to get rich and four years later he attacked the empire. But it was another forty years before the Spaniards beheaded the last ruler of the Incas.

How did the Incas live?

The Inca worshiped the sun as their supreme god. The Inca, like other groups in South America, saw the “Pachamama” as another important god. That was mother earth. This is still venerated today in many places in the Andes.

Potatoes, corn and coca were important plants in the everyday life of the Incas and were considered sacred. Their language, Quechua or Kichwa, in other words: Kehtschwa, is still spoken by ten million people today and is one of the national languages ​​of today's Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador.

  • The Incas had a kind of knot script they called Quipu.

  • Many and long streets ran through the Inca empire.

  • Even today there are house altars for pachamama.