What are legal offenses

Criminal offenses requiring notification

From the criminal offenses listed below, it can be seen which offenses are to be reported ex officio (so-called reati perseguibili d’ufficio) and which can only be prosecuted upon request for a criminal offense (so-called reati a querela di parte). The offenses described can also occur together in a specific case, e.g. B. In the case of rape, bodily harm, threats and insults can also be committed in addition to rape. In these cases, the punishment for the specific act is determined according to certain legal parameters and the judge's discretion. (The penalties for the individual offenses are not added up, but a lower total penalty is calculated.)

Criminal offenses requiring notification (Reati procedibili d’ufficio)

Art. 572 StGB: Abuse in the family or of children (Maltrattamenti):
This offense is committed by a family member who habitually and repeatedly insults, threatens, beats, coerces, or engages in other illegal conduct with another family member. The crime does not necessarily require physical violence, but a form of abuse (including psychological) that is repeated and makes family life unbearable for the person affected. In interpreting this article, “family” has been interpreted in the broadest sense, including other relatives and partnerships or partnerships without marriage.
PENALTY: imprisonment from 1 to 5 years; imprisonment for 4 to 8 years for serious bodily harm or 7 to 15 years for very serious bodily harm, and for 12 to 20 years for death

Art. 583 StGB: Aggravating circumstances in bodily harm (Lesione personale grave):
Serious or very serious bodily harm.
PENALTY: Imprisonment from 3 to 7 years for grievous bodily harm, imprisonment from 6 to 12 years for very grievous bodily harm

Art. 583-bis StGB: Mutilation of the sexual organs:
When women have some or all of their genitals mutilated.
PENALTY: imprisonment from 4 to 12 years, possibly from 3 to 7 years if injured

Art. 612 StGB: Threat (Minaccia):
When the threat is severe or a death threat, or with guns.
PENALTY: Up to 1 year imprisonment

Art. 527 StGB: Indecent acts (Atti osceni):
When someone commits immoral acts in a public place.
PENALTY: Imprisonment from 3 months to 3 years

Art. 610 StGB: Coercion (Violenza privata):
When a person is forced to do or not to do something through violence or threats (anything but rape and other sexual offenses for which there are specific offenses): e.g. B. have to go, not be allowed to go out, have to sign, etc.
PENALTY: Up to 4 years imprisonment

Art. 612-bis StGB: Persistent persecution (stalking) (Atti persecutori):
Persistent persecution with repeated acts of harassment, threats that cause a persistent and serious state of anxiety and / or well-founded fear for the own safety or that of close relatives and / or which force someone to change their lifestyles to the detriment of minors and / or People with disabilities.
PENALTY: From 6 months to 4 years in prison; is increased by half if the victim is a minor or a disabled person.

Art. 582 StGB: Intentional bodily harm (Lesione Personale)

Physical and psychological injury if the healing time (prognosis) is more than 20 days Penalty: imprisonment from 3 months to 3 years.

Art. 629 StGB: Blackmail (Estorsione):
When a person is harmed or harmed by violence or threats to do something, and the blackmailer benefits from it; B. sign a contract, give something.
PENALTY: Imprisonment from 5 to 10 years and a fine

Art. 575 StGB: Intentional homicide (omicidio):
When a person is killed.
PENALTY: imprisonment for at least 21 years; if pre-intentional homicide, imprisonment from 10 to 18 years, if negligent homicide, imprisonment from 6 months to 5 years.