Why are machine guns fired

Machine gun MG 08/15

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Light MG 08/15 with wooden shoulder rest, pistol grip and bipod. The model is the light version, which was further developed from the heavy predecessor model MG 08 with the changes mentioned above from 1915. The amount of coolant in the water-cooled device could also be reduced from 4 to 2.8 liters. In this modified version, the MG 08/15 was issued to the troops from summer 1917. According to the stamp, the manufacturer of the machine gun shown was the German Arms and Ammunition Factory in Berlin-Spandau. The machine gun became a symbol of the industrialized mass war during the First World War. The defending side in particular gained considerable advantages by using such machine weapons. Cavalry attacks and the infantry rushing across the open field became senseless military maneuvers if the enemy had sufficient machine guns to defend himself. The "light" MG 08/15 (08 after the introduction year 1908, 15 for the year 1915 (further development)) still weighed almost 20 kg when fully equipped. It could be fired up to 450 rounds per minute. (Temporary loan (11.2015 - 09.2017) from the Defense Technical Study Collection of the Federal Office for Equipment, Information Technology and Use of the Federal Armed Forces, Koblenz; cap and tube were removed for the period of loan.) [Ludger Tekampe]

Material / technology

Steel, iron, wood

[Time reference]
1914 - 1918

[Status of information:]

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