Why are some people nihilistic
Much has been written about nihilism - mainly because you apparently need something bad for anything good in life, namely belief in nothing: that nothing is worth striving for, that nothing can take on any meaning, that the individual and the world are nothing . This is what I call fatalism because, in all honesty, if someone doesn't believe in anything - not even the joie de vivre, the most basic of all joys - then death is a gift and a redemption. If your fate is so terrible, then greet him and die in a good way! Maybe you can pull yourself up, strap a bomb around your body, and blow yourself up in the middle of a commercial orgy like a mall during the Christmas season - and some of those people who suffer from a more subtle fatalism with them tear.
Mine In the opinion of nihilism, it is the elimination of whatever value we have of all things except what I will call the inherent and what I am about to define. When people whine about Satan, the war on terrorism, or the great pursuit of universal equality, you can look them straight in the eye and say, "All of these things have no value except what we put on them." When people tell you the importance of seeing the latest movie, going to this exclusive party, or owning a fancy car, their concerns can be dismissed along the same lines. Nihilism is the elimination of everything but the inherent.
The way I see it, nihilism is a passage philosophy: the initial realization on the path of learning. In stark contrast to the philosophies, which are equated with "faith", in which all who go to the temple and profess a confession should have received wisdom, the philosophies of life, which are not a mere charade, have adopted esoteric conceptions. From an esoteric point of view, he who searches for it receives wisdom and not always the same amount; there is no magical threshold he can step over to paint a sacred mark on his forehead and be considered wise. Instead, endless learning and equally endless potential pitfalls await him. If he adopts the nihilistic philosophy, he has taken the first step of his initiation - the removal of any external value proposition ushers in further discovery.
Most of the philosophies of our time either propagate some absolute, universal wisdom as the only true path to righteousness and power, or de facto do the same on an individual level by presenting reality as "all that there is." yours Opinion could be ". These are not correct philosophies, but rather extreme attempts to answer the eternal question (" What is real / true / meaningful? "). Nihilism offers a way out of this paradox: It affirms life even in response to the question about its meaning: 'What is meaningful?' becomes 'Life itself is meaningful!' and makes us realize that life is an ongoing process that cannot simply be reduced to a matter of "belief" or find its meaning in limited modern concepts such as "money." A good life embodies beauty, truth and Importance.
But how should you define such a good life? When we strive for the absolute, such as the most comfortable way of life, or the most power, or the most money, or the greatest popularity, we realize that these are all externally defined things that cannot really please one. It makes more sense to orientate oneself to the ancestors and to define a good life differently, namely by accepting one's fate and thus one's place in the inherent. Nihilism removes our notion that a good life can be something that can be defined outside of the individual. On the other hand, it also recognizes the weakness of the individual: No one will ever only be able to see the 'truth' (namely the causes of the processes in external reality).
However, this should not approve of the shallow 'objectivism', such as that of Alissa Rosenbaum ("Ayn Road"). For her, materialism is a philosophical object that stands in the tradition in which she grew up - that of Judaism, which, despite its dualistic belief system, does not place a single ideal above material well-being (power, wealth, social position). These 'objectivist' philosophies are pure parodies, because they have replaced the meaning of life with the means of life and thus avoided the question of its meaning. The objectivism of nihilism comes closer to that of the natural sciences or that of the ancient religious traditions of the Veda: we are all locked in the same space, which has uniform rules and affects us all, whether we perceive it or not, in a predictable way .
For example, if two people throw a ball back and forth, the ball will follow an objective course, regardless of whether the catcher has assessed it correctly or not. If the thrower misjudged the distance, the ball will land far from the catcher. But he can recognize the course of the ball and try to compensate for the bad throw. Seen from the outside, this sequence of movements is 'objective' and the thoughts of the two people are 'subjective' - however, the two processes do not necessarily have to match each other. This game helps one in a fun way to adapt one's own perception of reality to external reality, which, according to its structure and mechanisms, is predictable.
Marcus Aurelius gives us a piece of the puzzle:
As one can imagine with delicacies and other dishes of this kind that we are dealing here with the carcass of a fish, the corpse of a bird or pig, and further that the Falerner is only the juice of a grape and the purple robe is only the wool of one Sheep is soaked with the blood of a snail and that when the sexual union takes place only a rubbing of the limb and a secretion of mucus combined with certain twitching takes place - how one gets these ideas, which get to the heart of the matter and become aware of their real content so that one can see what it really is, one has to do it all one's life, and where things seem too serious, one has to expose them, recognize their worthlessness and destroy their high standing their appreciation is based.
- Marcus Aurelius, Self-Contemplations, VI, 13th
If one devotes oneself exclusively to the purely physical aspects of life, one recognizes signs of importance, but not meaning itself. In the game just described, it is not the quality of the ball or the sensation of seeing it that matters, but the Ability to catch the ball and thus combine the movement of the thrower and that of the catcher. A nihilist familiar with the value of non-value thus realizes that neither the objective nor the subjective is meaningful, but their union in the inherent, which makes the individual stronger in his interaction with the physical world. It is similar with symbolist worldviews: They design a 'dual' world in which symbols are more important than life itself. To stick exclusively to the physical or symbolic is an error of the mind (and corresponds roughly to Judaism and the Christianity).
However, this way of thinking is overwhelming for most people. For this reason, so many criticize this site for being nihilistic, but still daring to believe in more than pure fatalism. The educated among this crowd are the Russell-Wittgenstein followers. They have been told that language is flawed and consequently false, and that they should turn entirely to subjectivism in order to provide objective evidence of the truth of falsehood. Zen philosophy has a more benevolent view - one that is cleverly expressed not through language but through sheer experience - for sometimes the Zen master's blow has to confirm that reality is indeed real.
Nihilism is a passage philosophy, the aim of which is the knowledge of the inherent. Thinking beings who isolate themselves in themselves isolate themselves against their intuition at the same time from the reality of life. The most common mistakes they make are expecting to catch the ball in the wrong place, or expecting the thrower to be blinded by the sun to throw it in the wrong place. The claim that the ball has landed in the wrong place is neither a logical conclusion nor can it be judged morally: both of the people involved in this game deceive themselves into believing that their own perception of reality is the external reality that matters for Space and time and all other natural tendencies that make this game possible are superior. That is the basis of the inherent.
Life itself cannot be defined unless the factors that determine it are very limited. 'Existence' is perhaps a more appropriate term, but ultimately existence is based on natural laws and 'reality', which can exist even on a level lower than the purely physical. The fact that there are natural laws that make matter appear perceptible, or that there are regularities or logical connections, only confirms the essence of matter. What Aurel describes above is the acceptance of our existence, but the insight that it has no meaning other than what we attach to it: it is an abstraction based on the inherent and which also includes life itself.
In other words, we find life good when we feel that it has meaning, which is arguably the greatest factor in a well-led life. Our environment gives us an existence - either we adapt to it or we drift into our own fantasy worlds. When we conform to it, we derive our pleasure from the fact that we can align the tendencies of our existence with it - like catching a ball thrown into ours by another perceiving being and by natural forces through space and time Hand was promoted. This is the nature of the inherent and there is nothing to rank higher or lower.
To reach this stage, one must undergo the purification process of nihilism by removing any 'meaning' that other people suggest or that 'appears' to us for physical reasons. Sex does not give meaning to life, only the mutual relationship between two people, since pleasure is short-lived and cannot prevent pain (even the greatest stoner can tell you that even the absolute bliss of an excellent high loses its appeal over time, since the process is always the same). But to put this into perspective again, the symbolism of love, purity, or chastity is not real either; it is the shared perception of the inherent, but not the inherent itself. Only the inherent has meaning and each of us can see that according to our aptitude.
Another definition of the inherent is transcending the mind-body dualism of life; most see either the mind and the abstractions we call 'good' and 'bad' or the body and its material needs as the ultimate value of life. It is much more sensible, however, to avoid a mechanistic approach to the analysis of life and to recognize that the value of the inherent is a 'value of the whole and its place in the whole'; we cannot separate ourselves from the whole, or regard it as something separate from us. It produced us and endowed us with knowledge - even in nihilism itself you can see the contradiction to fatalism: We are the agents of the whole and our actions influence the future, depending on our talent.
So we come to the 'most painful' realization of nihilism: No, my friends, we are not all 'the same', neither in a cosmological sense nor in terms of our talents. Some are smarter, some stronger, some have a better character - realizing this removes the great social illusion that blocks nihilism. The great multitude, which cannot perceive the inherent or deny it because of their undifferentiated position within them, would like us to judge according to the principle of equality, so that we can partake of a devotional 'truth' and we can by saying a few simple ones Words are raised to a level of holy knowledge. Nature is real, and in nature many are born, but few survive; this is the surest way to make a better version of an organism each generation - those who live in the future will have better lives.
Nihilism is a passageway, and trying to sum it up in a clean internet article to read during lunch before returning to stimulating tasks like faxing, fixing cars, composing speeches, or cleaning toilets is unwise . For those who care about accuracy, philosophy is an esoteric activity. It only reveals itself slowly - through experience - and any attempt to shorten the path is devotional egalitarianism and thus an illusion. For those to whom the normal 'meaning' of life gives nothing, this article is meant to be an invitation to choose this passage: Don't believe in anything so that you can find that something that has true meaning.
December 15, 2004
Our gratitude to 1191.4814.5102 for this translation.
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