What are privileges


[1] Hermann Krause: privilege, medieval; Heinz Mohnhaupt: Privilege, modern. Both in: Adalbert Erler, Ekkehard Kaufmann (ed.): Concise dictionary on German legal history. Vol. 3. Berlin 1984, column 1999-2005 and column 2005-2011.

[2] Menzel: Lokationsurkunden, pp. 137−141 and 230f.

[3] Stanisław Trawkowski: The role of German village colonization and German law in Poland in the 13th century. In: Walter Schlesinger (ed.): The German East Settlement of the Middle Ages as a problem of European history. Reichenau Lectures 1970-1972. Sigmaringen 1975 (Lectures and Research XVIII / Konstanzer Arbeitskreis für Mittelalterliche Geschichte 18), p. 349−368, here p. 366−368.

[4] Seewann: History of the Germans in Hungary, p. 23.

[5] In detail Gündisch: Transylvania and the Transylvanian Saxony, pp. 38−43.

[6] The patents on the privileges of the colonists are summarized in: Extract Derer Königlich-Prussischen Patenten / d.d. Berlin, April 10, 1723 and February 17, 1724, the advantages and privileges that the craftsmen who settled in Prussia / from all kinds of professions / also otherwise hard-working people who are knowledgeable in arable farming and cattle breeding / should be given / concerned (1732). Source: Landesarchiv Salzburg, Urkunden Salzburg, Erzstift (1124−1805) SLA, graphic IV.31, accessible online at: monasterium.net, URL: http://monasterium.net/mom/AT-SLA/Erzstift/SLA_Graphik_IV.31 / charter (accessed on August 24, 2015).

[7] The impopulation patent dated August 11, 1689. In: Herder Institute (ed.): Documents and materials on East Central European history. Topic module “Germans in Hungary”. Arranged by Gerhard Seewann. URL: http://www.herder-institut.de/resolve/qid/414.html (accessed on August 24, 2015).

[8] Seewann: History of the Germans in Hungary, pp. 95f., 107, 132-138.

[9] Brandes: Adopted by the Tsars, pp. 20f.