Why is suicide considered immoral

On the problem of free responsibility in suicide

Extract

Part 1. "Suicide" - an introduction to the subject

The problem of suicide is as old as human history and has always been hotly debated. No other topic in the entire history of mankind has been judged more morally and morally. “Suicide” is repeatedly discussed not only in everyday life but also scientifically. Traditionally, suicide was viewed as immoral in theological and philosophical terms, which is why it was strictly forbidden, especially from the theological point of view, as a contradiction to the will of God. Furthermore, it has been argued again and again in philosophy whether suicide can be treated as a separate philosophical topic. Sometimes it is said that suicide cannot be the subject of philosophical reflection, but should only be evaluated from a sociological or psychological point of view. In contrast, Albert Camus, the philosopher of the absurd, regards “suicide” as “a really serious philosophical problem.” 8

Philosophical thinking about suicide takes different forms, depending on the underlying philosophical approach. Like Plato, Aristotle and Socrates, who himself emptied the hemlock, classical Greek philosophy tended to have a negative attitude towards suicide. On the other hand, suicide finds understanding and justification among the representatives of Stoic and Epicurean philosophy and, in modern times, for example, and even later with Nietzsche, Montaigne, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Hume

Compared to classical Greek philosophy, modern suicide research goes beyond a moral and moral assessment of suicide and examines it under ...

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