Is Jesus Christ a true God
Jesus Christ - God and man
By Anne Burgmer
- In the series “For example…”, Horizonte conveys everyday theology on various beliefs. The third part is about Jesus, God and man.
- We know little about him. His death and resurrection are questioned again and again and were already considered unreasonable in the times of the first Christians.
With the person Jesus it is a bit like a 3D film and the necessary glasses. If I watch a 3D film in the cinema without one, I see a double image: one with a reddish and one with a bluish-greenish color. If I put special glasses on the nose, the picture is complete.
Double vision of Jesus
With Jesus of Nazareth, whom we Christians call the Son of God, the double image arises from various factors. The inner Christian view is - similar to the Trinity (see here) - in principle strong tobacco: We say of Jesus that he is true God and true man, and that these two aspects make up the person of Jesus Christ. In addition, there are always reflections about what is actually true of the biblical stories about Jesus' life, death and resurrection. These questions are asked by historians who deal with antiquity, as well as theologians, believers or non-believers and non-believers.
Facts, facts, facts?
If you want to find out something about Jesus of Nazareth, look at the Bible. The so-called Synoptics (the evangelists Matthew, Mark and Luke), the Acts of the Apostles and the letters describe the life and work of the Jew Jesus and the beginning of the early Christian community. Although the stories differ from one another, they are considered historically reliable, as names and places can be cross-checked and confirmed by extra-biblical sources. At the same time - this is often criticized - the Bible is a testimony of faith and has a specific purpose, namely to spread the good news. The texts integrate the events of Jesus' life, ministry, death and resurrection into a great salvation context.
The various extra-biblical, non-Christian sources that mention Christians also emerged only after Jesus' death and resurrection and say more about the still small, perceived as strange movement of Christians than about the person of Jesus. The “minimum consensus Jesus” reads: The existence of a person Jesus is considered certain. This man probably lived from 7 BC to 31 AD. He served as an itinerant preacher for the last two or three years of his life, and his death resulted from an execution under the Roman prefect Pontius Pilate.
Risen from the dead
The execution on the cross and the resurrection from the dead finally reveal the person Jesus of Nazareth from a Christian perspective as the one who was sent by the Father. Death no longer has any power over someone who lives in complete trust in God. Jesus himself said that he was proclaiming on behalf of the Father. In order for man to be able to accept its good news with faith, God as Father had to speak human language. God became man in Jesus; with all the trimmings: birth, puberty behavior (once Jesus just stays in Jerusalem and thus puts his parents in fear and terror). He eats, drinks and sleeps. He discusses, argues and learns. He knows anger and joy, in the end he suffers and bleeds and experiences the abyss of being human.
But Jesus is also the Christ, that is, the anointed one. According to the Bible, his mother “did not recognize a man”, his family tree goes back to King David, his birth is under a special star, he knew his way around the Scriptures early on. Jesus teaches and works miracles, he always and completely turns to people and his disciples understand him as the Savior and expected Messiah.
Folly for non-Christians
What is confirmed for the followers of Jesus in death and resurrection is incomprehensible to non-Christians then and now. Paul already wrote that Gentiles and Jews considered the Christian preaching to be folly. Jesus as a prophet and scholar - other convictions or world religions such as Islam also grant him that. God who lives in a person, dies and rises - unthinkable. The lack of understanding and the idea of seeing through or refuting this event persist to this day. It was not until the end of January that a publication with the title “No Death on Golgotha” by the historian Johannes Fried appeared, which critically and from a medical point of view examines the subject of death on the cross and resurrection and creates the following scenario: Although death on the cross lasts days, Jesus is already after some Hours taken off the cross as dead. Fried explains that the torture left Jesus injured in his lungs. Fluid in the chest area squeezed the lungs together, and the reduced ability to breathe led to excess carbon monoxide and fainting. But the stab of the lance in the side allowed the liquid to drain off; Jesus could breathe again. Really believed to be dead, the unconscious man regained consciousness after a few days; a shock and a danger for all friends, after all he was a convicted criminal.
Believe as 3D glasses
So there are different aspects shimmering around the person Jesus and, similar to the 3D film, you only see a clear picture when you have the right glasses at hand. In this case it is called: Faith. If I believe that God is as Jesus Christ described him to us, it will have an impact on my life: I no longer need to act out of fear, but can turn to my fellow human beings. This message is not dependent on facts, it does not disappear from the world as long as it is passed on.
For me, Jesus of Nazareth is a radically thinking person "of his time and society". Jesus as Christ acted in a radically human and human-loving manner and offers liberation and the ability to truly be human. The description as God's Son is for me an expression of the uniqueness of his relationship with the Judeo-Christian God. For me this includes the aspects of the creed “became man and lived among us” as well as the divine claim to the “credibility” of his preaching, action, life and death. - Deacon, Zurzibiet region
For me, Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus as Christ are the same person. Jesus is God who became human and was crucified for our sins. Through him we are redeemed. Jesus is a gift from our loving, gracious, almighty God. - Woman, 24 years
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