Are Huns Asians or Europeans

The indigenous people of the Huns - descent and origin

Where is the origin of the Huns?

The Huns were Central Asian equestrian peoples who lived as nomads, later as semi-nomads. Their home was originally the area between what is now the Kyrgyz Lake Issyk-Kul and what is now the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar. They should have great weight in Asian and European history.
In pre-Christian times they were probably the Xiongnu people for the Chinese. The Chinese defeated them in the first century BC, after which many of them moved west. Around 370 they subjugated the Alans in the North Caucasus and the Ostrogoths. Under King Attila they owned a large empire north of the Black and Caspian Seas. The Byzantine Empire became dependent on them. Their raids were terrifying, they advanced as far as southern France and Rome. Finally they were defeated in 451 by the Romans and Visigoths in the Catalan fields. After Attila's death in 453, the Huns began to disintegrate.

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Who were the Asian Huns?

Older research had linked the origin of the Huns to the fall of the Hsiung-nu empire. The Hsiung-nu Empire split into a southern and a northern part around the middle of the 1st century. The south became a Chinese protectorate, while the north went under in the late 1st century.

The actual "Huns Storm" began in the 4th century: In 350 the Chionites, a Hunnic group, began to attack the Sassanid Empire under Shapur II. They conquered Bactria and pushed the Kidarites (remnants of the Yüe-chi under Kidara) to Afghanistan and northern India. Shapur II defeated the Chionites, who served as auxiliary troops in the Roman-Persian war in 359 and took part in the siege of the fortress Amida. They were followed by the Hephtalites (white Huns, but not Europeans), who crossed the Syr-daja in 425 and ruled the Chionites up to 450. The time of the Kidarites also ended in 451 or 484. The White Huns were involved in the decline of the Indian empire of the Gupta and also had differences with Persia (in 484 the Sassanid Peroz I died, in 498/99 they were involved in the Sassanid throne disputes).

Who were the European Huns (Black Huns)?

At the turn of the times, Sarmatians related to the Scythians ruled the steppes of Eastern Europe, and the Goths joined them in the 3rd century. Then the Black Huns triggered a great migration of peoples in the 1970s. A change in the climate made food for the herds scarce. However, all of this is only speculative. Under their leader Balamir, the Huns crossed the Volga. They defeated the Alan Empire in 374 and formed an alliance with them. On the Tauris Peninsula, the Crimea, they destroyed the empire of the greutings of Ermanarich in 375 (see above all Ammianus Marcellinus, 31, 2f.). Some of the Greutungen fled to the west (5).

Then the Huns reached the borders of the Eastern Roman Empire, and the Terwingen fled the Black Sea area in 394. The Eastern Roman population called the Black Huns Tartars, which later applied to all Asian equestrian peoples. The word Tartaros is translated as the devilish, derived from the Greek hell or underworld. The Huns brought an Asian disease to Europe: smallpox.

The Black Huns made a demonic impression on their enemies. According to the Jordanes, they cut the faces of young male children to prevent beards from growing. The warriors smeared black earth into their battle wounds to leave thick-skinned scars. They also formed tall tower skulls. Such were found in Thuringia and on the Talas (Kyrgyzstan). The Black Huns were shaved bald - a sign of submission - only the "khagan", the leader of the horde, was allowed to wear long hair.

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