The English hate the Scots

Independence failed: That's why no Scotsman really lost that night

Everywhere in Scotland the images are the same in the morning: people wrapped in flags comfort and warm one another. Tears roll down, posters and stickers with the blue “Yes” logo end up in the dirt of the wet streets.

The weather suits the mood: rain instead of sunrise.

The dream of an independent Scotland - burst.

And for the Scottish Prime Minister Alex Salmond (59) the sun did not rise all day. In the afternoon he announced his resignation as head of government and party chairman.

+++ All Scots information in the ticker +++

Elsewhere, the vigilantes cheer who, even after 307 years of love-hate and rivalry, did not want to break away from Great Britain.

Who just did not want to depend on the "painful divorce" with which the British Prime Minister David Cameron (47) had threatened. You fall into each other's arms with relief, as Scots and as British.

The sport-crazy Scots are used to the fact that there are winners and defeats in the end, like in the Wimbledon final or at a World Cup.

But the defeated are not always automatically losers.

Because there was one thing that the independence camp did not want to admit to its supporters: the price for independence had yet to be negotiated - over at least 18 months. In a poisonous atmosphere. Because the benevolent mood of the English, who have just begged the Scots not to “leave” them, would probably have quickly turned over.

The way would have been painful and expensive right from the start. Not only because some analysts predicted that the British pound would have plummeted by 10 to 20 percent on Friday.

The Scotland referendum

When the hangover of defeat is gone, independence fans will also take stock of the situation: What did Scotland achieve through the referendum?

Cameron's concessions: Under pressure from rising polls for independence supporters, London had promised more self-determination at the last minute on tax and budget issues. In addition, there are higher spending on social affairs and education, and a largely independent health system.

Brilliant negotiating position: Cameron is weakened - and is in the word

Cameron knows he's on the floor, but public opinion in the rest of the UK gives him room to negotiate after the Scots say no. Incidentally, after the weakening that the “Scots uprising” inflicted on him, he can hardly be interested in a hard confrontation.

The autonomy talks are due to begin in November. Cameron announced at the government headquarters in London's Downing Street that there will be a bill for January that will stipulate the new regulations.

The sting in the seat of British politics: it has not failed to have an impact.

Democratic culture: As passionate, smart and (apart from a few slip-ups) fair as Scotland has led this debate, it has set the standard for other independence movements in Europe. And encouraged: Yes, you can achieve something against detached central government structures to which more and more people feel powerless. No, you don't have to get in common with radical nuts, for whom nationalism always begins with segregation and exclusion. "Europe needs more Scottish people," says the Brussels-critical CSU politician Peter Gauweiler.

International reliability: Although the balance of power between London and Edinburgh will be rebalanced, Scotland's international position will be retained: Neither EU nor NATO membership needs to be renegotiated, nor does Scotland need its own embassy and diplomatic network and its own for exorbitant money Build a pension system. The older generation is relieved that a foreseeable discussion about money is not being carried out on their backs: “Why”, the English would have asked, “should we still grant the Scots claims from the pension funds if they can collect all the income from the oil for want to keep? "

Perhaps even more important: The hardened fronts in the country seem to dissolve through the "No" faster than it would have been possible in the opposite case. Until noon there were no reports of riots by disappointed nationalists or even physical attacks.

A spokesman for the reformed "Church of Scotland" called on both camps on Friday to replace "Yes" and "No" statements on social networks such as Facebook with a "One Scotland" banner to demonstrate the new unity.