How to study MS in Canada
Study in Canada
Canada: A little over 36 million people in an area of almost 10 million square kilometers (28 times the size of Germany!). Attractive cities for students can be found between nature bursting with diversity - there are around 1.4 million of the latter in Canada. Maybe you will soon be one of them.
Canada offers a lot ...
1. Reasons to Study in Canada
Canada - a land of contrasts: untouched nature alternates with pulsating metropolises full of cultural diversity. The variety of study locations, subject combinations and degrees that enable individual access to work or an academic career speak in favor of studying abroad in this exciting country. It is also an exciting experience to experience the other end of the world, to immerse yourself in new cultures and thus expand your own horizons many times over.
2. Canada study system
At the federal level there is no body to regulate educational policy issues; responsibility lies with the provincial governments or territories. The admission requirements, fees and of course study programs at universities and colleges are correspondingly different. The enormously diverse range of subjects is basically a science in itself, if only because the educational institutions independently determine the content and designation. In this respect, the same applies here: first provide detailed information, then study.
As a Canadian-interested student, you can choose between over 50 state English-speaking universities, 16 French-speaking universities in southern Quebeck, nine (more or less) bilingual universities and around 200 community colleges. The typical Anglo-American division into undergraduate and graduate study sections can also be found in Canada.
The universities offer all study options from undergraduate studies to master’s degrees and doctorates (PhD) and also have their own research facilities. In contrast, the colleges originally specialized in general undergraduate training, but are now increasingly expanding their offerings to include courses at the in-depth graduate level.
A large number of educational institutions are referred to as “Community Colleges”, at which study can be carried out on a job-related basis, but an examination comparable to a university degree is not possible. In many cases, however, they enable the transition to university through the crediting of academic achievements.
The general rule is: the first, rather broad-based, section of the course - the undergraduate course - ends after three to four years with the acquisition of the bachelor's degree, depending on the province. This is already a professional qualification and is therefore also used by most students as an entry ticket into working life. However, if you want to specialize in a certain subject area, you stay at the university for another one or two years and receive the master's degree after completing this so-called graduate program. Entry into the research-oriented doctorate programs can take place, depending on the department, after the graduate study section or directly after receiving an extended bachelor's degree, the Bachelor of Honors.
3. Eligibility criteria for studying in Canada
The German university entrance qualification is the minimum requirement for admission at the undergraduate level, i.e. Bachelor's degree at the colleges and universities. At the community colleges, however, one can be admitted with secondary school leaving certificate and teaching and then via this detour to change after two years a university can achieve a bachelor's degree in the same period of time (four years).
The German Bachelor degrees are not recognized as Canadian Bachelor degrees per se, but an individual assessment of the performance records will take place by each university in order to decide whether direct admission to the Master’s degree is possible. The German master’s degree is not recognized per se as being equivalent to the American master’s, e.g. for admission to a Ph.D. Studies.
Application procedure at universities in Canada
Since applying for a course at a Canadian university is bureaucratic, it should be made well in advance - for full courses, for example, one and a half years before the planned stay. The "admissions office" then decides individually on the tests, certificates, letters of recommendation, evidence of sufficient financial means, the cover letter, the essays and any personal interviews, which are usually to be submitted with the application form. The admission criteria for visiting students are somewhat less strict due to the lack of graduation opportunities.
Recognition of academic achievements
There are no generally applicable regulations for the recognition of academic achievements abroad or in Canada, which is why you should clarify the study plan with regard to the choice of course with the responsible examination office in your home country, if you are already a student. Academic titles are recognized by the state examination offices or the education or science ministries of the federal states depending on the quality and accreditation of the Canadian university.
However, the acquired degree is not converted, but can be used as a name affix after successful recognition. The bachelor's and master's degree programs introduced in Europe by the Bologna process cannot guarantee mutual recognition of degrees either, as they may be based on different study periods.
4. Costs and funding of studying in Canada
Depending on the university, the tuition fees are hardly any cheaper than in the USA, at least CAN $ 6,600 per academic year as a foreign student. Some universities even charge up to CAN $ 46,000 (as of 2019/20, see list). Fortunately, funding opportunities are available from both Germany and Canada. In general, international students in Canada are required to be able to prove that they have enough money to cover the tuition fees, the cost of living while in Canada and the travel expenses back home. This is especially true for a longer study visit.
If you were already entitled to BAföG in Germany, it is worthwhile to check carefully whether you are entitled to Auslandsbafög in Canada. However, you have to make sure that you apply to a university that is also recognized as such by the German state. It is also possible that at the beginning of the study / semester abroad the level of the parents' income has changed or that siblings have finished their studies and the parents supposedly have more money to spare as a result.
University exchange programs offer partial scholarships and educational loans from the federal government. Partial scholarships from various organizations such as the DAAD and foundation funds can also protect against financial deficiencies, as can academic scholarships or jobs at the university itself.
5. Living in Canada
In addition to the tuition fees, depending on the location, about 1000 to 1500 CAN $ for the monthly cost of living are added. The province is cheaper than the Pacific coast or the metropolises.
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