Why do people read short story collections

Why read?


Why read? - Reading desire - Reading motivation - Literary life


1. Literary scene: left

2. Aphorisms and experiences 

3. Argumentation for "reading"

4. Reader typology

5. Internet forums to "read"


see also: Canon Debate


1. Literary scene - links

Literature portals - literary houses - literary events - literary scene - literary competitions - reading clubs - literary societies - literary prizes - literary podcasts - internet forums literature - literary cafes - etc.























2. Aphorisms and experiences

I think you should only read books that bite and sting you. If the book we're reading doesn't wake us up with a punch on the skull, what are we reading the book for? So that it makes us happy the way you write? My God, we would be happy if we didn't have any books, and books that make us happy we could write ourselves if necessary. But we need the books that seem to us like a misfortune that hurts us very much, like the death of someone we would rather have than ourselves, as if we were to advance into forests, away from everyone, like a suicide, a book must be the ax for the frozen sea within us.

Franz Kafka to his friend Oskar Pollak, 1904

Collected Works. Letters 1902-1924, p. 27 f. Frankfurt: Fischer 1958.

I read nothing more than books from a few pages. Abbreviation of the language gives scope for thinking.

Jean Paul (1763 - 1825)

In: German aphorisms. Ed .: Fieguth, Gerhard. Reclam

Sometimes, oh happy moment, you are so absorbed in a book that you sink into it - you are no longer there. Heart and lungs work, your body does its inner factory work evenly - you don't feel it. You don't feel You don't know anything about the world around you, you don't hear anything, you don't see anything, you read. You are under the spell of a book. (This is how one would like to be read.)

Kurt Tucholsky

Die Weltbühne, April 12, 1932, No. 15, p. 573.

You can't start life over when it's over, but if you hold a book in your hand, no matter how difficult it is to understand, you can go back to the beginning at the end, start over, to the difficult and with it to grasp all of life.

Orhan Pamuk

In: Facets. Leipzig: Klett 2002

What made me read? The curious desire to trade in strange worlds, I was almost indiscriminately addicted to books.

Gabriele Wohmann

German reading society (Ed.): Leselieben. Nuremberg 1987

Like most people, I read many things that were somehow useful to me without this reading having particularly affected my life. Even in my childhood I was a heavy reader, but it was mostly an escape from reality. Historical novels enabled me to escape into bygone times, while other books, such as the novels of Karl May, allowed me to escape into the distant Wild West; utopian literature, the science fiction of those days, took me to a distant future. All of these books enabled me to escape from the agonizing reality of the years 1914 to 1918, the time of the First World War.

Bruno Bettelheim - 1903-1990, psychologist

Themes of my life. Essays on psychoanalysis, child-rearing and Jewish fate. DVA Stuttgart 1990, p. 116.

"Good people have no idea what time and effort it takes to learn to read and to benefit from what I have read; it took me eighty years to do so."

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, 1749 - 1832 (Goethe on January 25, 1830 to Frédéric Soret)

Education does not come from reading, but from thinking about what has been read.
Carl Hilty, Swiss philosopher and politician, 1833-1909



Hildesheimer: Can you name a book that would have prevented the horrors of our time? Literature is powerless. No book, no picture, the whole culture does nothing.

www.handl.net/management/zithildesheimer.htm -

Anyone who knows how to read has the key to great deeds and unimaginable opportunities.

Aldous Huxley 07/26/1894 - 11/22/1963 engl. Writer and critic

No reading is worthwhile if it is not entertaining.

William Somerset Maugham 01/25/1874 - 12/16/1965 engl. writer

It makes a big difference whether I read for enjoyment and animation or for knowledge and instruction.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 08/28/1749 - 03/22/1832 German writer

Of all the worlds that man has created, that of the books is the mightiest.

Heinrich Heine 12/13/1797 - 02/17/1856 German poet and journalist

Even the worst book has its good side: the last!

John Osborne 12/12/1929 - British journalist, playwright and actor

Education comes from a screen and not from a book, otherwise it would mean booking.

Dieter Hildebrandt May 23, 1927 - German cabaret artist



Joseph Addison

Reading is to the mind what gymnastics is to the body.

Nicolas Chamfort

Most books today seem to be written in a single day, after books read the night before.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Every day one should hear at least a little song, read a good poem, see an excellent painting, and, if possible, speak a few sensible words.

Joseph Joubert

The unfortunate thing about new books is that they prevent us from reading the old ones.

Immanuel Kant

I have read many good and clever books in my life. But I have not found in all of them what would have made my heart so quiet and happy as the four words from the 23rd Psalm: "You are with me."

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg

The good writer is someone who reads a lot and for a long time and, even after 100 years, is still published in all sorts of formats and thus becomes the pleasure of people in general. The whole human race only praises the good, the individual often the bad.

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg

He always read "Agamemnon" instead of accepted, so much had he read Homer.

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg

There are really a lot of people who just read so that they are not allowed to think.

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg

People who have read a lot rarely make great discoveries.

Georg Christoph Lichtenberg

One of the greatest discoveries the human mind has made in recent times, in my opinion, is the art of judging books without having read them.

Arthur Schopenhauer

The audience is so simple-minded that they prefer to read the new rather than the good.

Arthur Schopenhauer

Reading means thinking with someone else's head instead of your own.



Aphorisms, quotes and proverbs on the subject of reading, literature, books

(collected by Vandam with strong support from the Book Forumians)

It would be good to buy books if you could buy the time to read them, but most of the time you confuse buying books with appropriating their contents.

A sure sign of a good book is if you like it better the older you get.

The more our acquaintance with good books grows, the smaller the circle of people we find a taste for dealing with.

Good people have no idea the time and effort it takes to learn to read and to benefit from what it reads. It took me eighty years to do this.

If a book and a head collide and it sounds hollow, is that always in the book?
G.CH. Lichtenberg

All the books in the world
Don't bring you luck
But they teach you secret
Back into yourself.
Hermann Hesse

Books are better friends than people; because they only talk when we want to and remain silent when we have other plans. They always give and never ask. (Börries Freiherr von Münchhausen)

Books a pile of dead letters? No, a sack full of seeds.
(André Gide)

If you read a book, you meet a friend.
Chinese saying

A book is a garden in your pocket.
Cheng Chao

A book that you love cannot be borrowed, but must be owned.

I have always imagined paradise as a kind of library.
(Jorge Luis Borges)
The book is the ax for the frozen sea within us.
(Franz Kafka)

Literature begins beyond the bestseller list.
(Wolfram Siebeck)

The enemies of good books and good taste are not the many illiterate people who despise books, but rather the frequent readers.
(Hermann Hesse)

Writers who are constantly searching for depth seem like divers in a bathtub.
(Alfred Polgar)

Every word is true. I take no responsibility for the sentence.
Rafik Schami

The audience is so simple-minded that they prefer to read the new rather than the good.
(Arthur Schopenhauer)

The reader's got it off: they can choose their writers.
(Kurt Tucholsky)

There is no old or modern literature, only an eternal and a transitory one.
(Ernst von Feuchtersleben)

Reading a book - for me it is exploring a universe.
(Marguerite Duras)

One should never read a book just because it is on some bestseller list or because it is in line with a contemporary trend. Correct reading is brushing against the grain.
(Doris Lessing)

There is nothing that can replace a book as a breeding ground for the imagination
(Astrid Lindgren)

Reading books means going for a hike to distant worlds, from the living room over the stars
(Jean Paul)

No reading is worthwhile if it is not entertaining. (William Somerset Maugham)

How little you have read, how little you know - but what you are depends on the coincidence of what you have read. (Elias Canetti)

Reading with pleasure means exchanging the hours of boredom allocated to one in life for hours of delight.
(Charles-Louis de Montesquieu)

Every day one should hear at least a little song, read a good poem, see an excellent painting, and, if possible, speak a few sensible words. (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe)

Modern literature is the art of finding the right interpreter. (Wolfgang Herbst)




You open a book, the book opens you. Chinese proverb

The more I read, the closer the books brought the world to me, the brighter and more meaningful life became for me. Maxim Gorky

For me a book is a kind of shovel with which I dig myself up. Martin Walser

Reading a book is already the first stage of self-realization. Clemens Weber

Books are written questions. Stefan Zweig

I love books. They are a substitute for people, a way to get to know people, a school and get to know people. Only books can give the illusion of human perfection. The good books are as rare as the good people. Hermann Kesten

Books are not monuments of the past, but weapons of the present. H. Arbor

Books are a kind of handgun against stupidity. Werner Mitsch

Books are the covers of wisdom, embroidered with the pearls of words. Moshe Ibn Sesra

The world alone does not make a perfect man. Reading the best writers must be added. Lessing



3. Argumentation for "reading"

Nowadays, reading only seems to be something for "warm showerers" - real guys zap through the television program or paddle around on the computer. Who can measure themselves against unmistakable intellectuals? Fiction or knowledge-based reading currently brings neither money nor prestige for us in Germany. If boys read less and less, it is probably not because lessons are disadvantageous for them, but because they consider reading to be "uncool". The internalization of knowledge, which the process of reading favors like no other medium, is fundamental for a prosperous, peaceful society in the long term.

Stephanie Sellier Date: (www.lehrer-online.de/dyn/210171.asp?url=289405%2Ehtm)


Peter Bieri: "Education begins with curiosity"

Educated people are readers. But it is not enough to be a bookworm and a know-it-all. There is the uneducated scholar. The difference: the educated knows how to read books in such a way that they can read him change . “Does humanism protect against nothing?” Asked Alfred Andersch, looking at Heinrich Himmler, who grew up in a humanistically well-educated middle class. The answer is: He only protects those who not only consume the humanistic writings, but get involved with them; the one who is different after reading than before.

This is an unmistakable characteristic of education: that knowledge is not viewed as a mere accumulation of information, as a pleasurable pastime or social decor, but as something that can mean inner change that becomes effective for action.

The non-fiction reader has a chorus of voices in mind when looking for the right judgment on a matter. He is no longer alone. And something happens to him when he reads Voltaire, Freud, Bultmann or Darwin. He sees the world differently afterwards, can talk about it in a more differentiated way and recognize more connections.

The reader of literature also learns something else: how to talk about how people think, want and feel. He learns that one can feel differently about the same thing than he is used to. Different love, different hate. He learns new words and new metaphors for mental events. Because his conceptual repertoire has grown, he can talk about his experience in a more nuanced way, and this in turn enables him to feel more differentiated.

As a result, his relationships with others also become more differentiated and richer. This is especially true of the skill we call empathy. It is a yardstick for education: the more educated someone is, the better they can imagine what it would be like to be in the position of others, and this enables them to recognize their suffering. Education enables precise social imagination, and in this form education is indeed a bulwark against cruelty. [...]

But there are experiences of happiness that are closely linked to facets of education, as I have discussed: the joy of understanding something better in the world; the liberating experience of shaking off a superstition; the luck of reading a book that opens a historical corridor; the fascination of a film that shows what it is like to lead a human life elsewhere; the exhilarating experience of learning a new language for one's own experience; the surprising experience that as social imagination grows, one's own inner radius increases.

And education unlocks another dimension of happiness: the increased experience of the present while reading poetry, looking at paintings, listening to music. The luminosity of words, images and melodies is only fully revealed to those who know their place in the complex web of human activity that we call culture.

ZEITmagazin LEBEN, No. 32



The novel that emerges in the reader's brain

BY ELKE BIESEL,, 09: 56h

Our little reading customer wants to shed some light on what reading is all about.

The reader is a strange person at times. He can immerse himself so deeply in the jumble of letters that he would not even notice a herd of rhinos passing by the window of his tram, let alone the stop at which he wanted to get off. No ear for the environment, no eye for the other person. Whoever upsets him sees a pair of frightened eyes. Who knows where he has just been, the reader.On Marco Polo's travels, in Shakespeare's dramas, in the magical world of Harry Potter or in Berlin in the 1930s, where Irmgard Keun's artificial silk girl tries with all her might and little success to become “a shine”. The readers of their environment may then appear like monads, because what captivates, bans and entangles them is invisible. The letters on the pages are merely the stepping stones to the actual place where the action is: to the reader's brain. This is where this mysterious process takes place, of which Alberto Manguel says: “The impressive thing about it is that the readers first create the meaning by establishing relationships between their knowledge, their experiences and the written sentences and passages of the text while reading.” Reads So does each reader have a different version of Anna Karenina or Death in Venice, depending on their own experiences? What a strange activity that is, one that is passionate and another is hardship. For those who use the last beam of the flashlight under the covers and the other cannot be won over even with all the angelic tongues in the world.

The latter, so it can be heard more and more frequently by black viewers, is slowly becoming a threat to our book culture. But perhaps one should contrast this pessimism - with all the need to promote reading - the long-suffering of history. It all began in the fourth millennium BC, with a notched piece of pottery. The book has survived all the changes of the past and with it the reader, why should the computer age turn into Götterdämmerung?

What reading is all about, with the pleasure in it and the frustration about it, that is what the little reading student who begins with this episode wants to shed light on and also dare some answers to the questions asked above. A warning from avid reader and author Virginia Woolf should always be kept in mind: "The only advice that one person can give another about reading is not to listen to advice."





The New Zurich Times

The pleasure of reading

Some theoretical remarks about a dream of pleasure

Intensive reading, which is more and more forgotten in our audio-visual era, is a highly exhilarating experience. Anyone who delves into purposeless reading not only opens up a new world, but also a different form of time. This has both emancipatory and therapeutic potential.

“I've only ever been able to imagine paradise as a kind of library,” writes the Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges. He has a long tradition with this idea. "Reading is a source that emanates from God's paradise and waters the whole earth", it says in the 14th century in the "Philosophia Monachorum". The “Philobiblion” of the Bishop of Durham Richard de Bury (1297/1345) calls books very direct tools of seeing happiness, the visio beatifica: “In this way, guided by the books, we reach the reward of our eternity while we are still pilgrims live on. "

For the Jewish tradition, too, reading is associated with ideas of paradise. The doctor and translator Judah Ibn Tibbon (around 1120/1190) encourages his son: «Books should be your companions and your bookcases and shelves should be your amusement parks and orchards. Aurelius Augustinus, who, as is well known, finally found his faith through a mysterious “madness”, sees in his “Confessiones” even the angels as happy readers: “For they always see your face, and there they read, but not for a longer period of time Sequence of syllables what an eternal will wants; read him, choose him, love him. They always read and what they read never fades. . . Their reading board is not closed, their book is not rolled up, because you yourself are board and book to them. "

The many pictures of reading people that one encounters in painting since the late Middle Ages are, as it were, earthly reflections of these sublime reading worlds. You see the reader removed from everyday life, absorbed in his reading, silent, devout, blessed. First of all it is the Bible, Psalter, book of hours that captivate the reader, and more often the reader. Mary is the pious reading model. The angel of the Annunciation does not meet a simple, simple-minded maid, but a young woman who, sometimes even in a small study, is kneeling and devotedly absorbed in the word of God. Under the protection of this powerful patron saint, women took their first steps towards emancipation - they began to read, they opened up a world that until then had been largely closed to them.


Progressively, the image of the reader became secularized. In the place of religious reading, there were ancient classics, learned tomes and finally novels, which were obviously heavenly pleasures, especially for women. The Mother of God in a pre-Reformation devotional picture and the Lady of the World in a Biedermeier artist's sketchbook have one thing in common: the traits of a reading experience that fulfills them. Worries and afflictions, the everyday world have receded into the background. At least for a while the reader lives in a better world. The certainty of being able to escape the constraints of reality was and still is a strong motivation to dedicate oneself to a book and to buy it. Seen in this way, the book trade is not only a trade in useful information, it is also a business with luck, more precisely with promises of luck.

Not every author is comfortable with this. Books are also written to unsettle, shake up, overturn opinions, confront the misery of this world, and challenge change. This does not only apply to many non-fiction books, it is and has always been true of fictional literature. She draws her tension from dramatic conflicts which she lets the reader trace and which do not always find a conciliatory happy ending. Perhaps literature actually needs the representation of struggle and controversy in order to gain the reader's interest. “Happiness is not a good subject for poets,” says Robert Walser in an interview with Carl Seelig, “it is too self-sufficient. It doesn't need a comment. It can sleep curled up in itself like a hedgehog. On the other hand suffering, tragedy and comedy: they are full of explosive forces. "

Pleasure or pain - what should reading do? This can hardly be clearly determined from the book. The so-called Werther fever is a classic example. Goethe's epistolary novel drove some into an approving enthusiasm, which had an impact even in clothing fashion, while others he drove into deep shock, rejection and sinister popular educational prognoses. Lust and pain - that could also be bundled in one act of reading. Doesn't reading happiness sometimes consist of breathlessly experiencing an unfortunate fate, which fortunately is not our fate?

Not only narrative literature can trigger happiness and unhappiness. In a survey of its authors, the Suhrkamp publisher Siegfried Unseld wanted to know what their first moving reading experience was. In addition to the classic books for young people, along with Karl May and Mickey Mouse books, completely unexpected “triggers” came to light, such as “The Communist Manifesto” (Stephan Hermlin), Arthur Schopenhauer's “The World is Will and Concept” (Thomas Bernhard) or an old one Geography textbook (Adolf Muschg). Challenging and trivial things, small letters and tomes can make reading good. It is less important what has been read than how it is read, in which life situation, in which constitution, in which mood.

An attempt to explain must start here. The so-called flow theory can be helpful here. It is a psychological research method that is based on a broad empirical basis. The Chicago depth psychologist Mihaly Czikszentmihalyi gave his test subjects a notebook and a small electronic receiver that was activated at irregular moments by a central radio station. For each signal, the participants had to note their current activity and mental state on a seven-point scale between “very happy” and “very unhappy”. The researchers were therefore not dependent on subsequent memories that could falsify, but were given, randomly controlled, a mental snapshot, linked to a current activity report, so that one could determine in the evaluation what high spirits and depression are regularly triggered. This experiment has been carried out over the years with people of different origins and in areas of different cultures. At the end of a long series of studies, an overarching principle emerged: In order to create an upscale attitude towards life and a positive mood, the following factors must interact:

  • an activity that one has grown and with which one grows

  • Concentration and dedication to the job

  • a changed sense of time

  • an overcoming of restricting ego boundaries

As a result, an autotelic state is established. Autotelisch is a key concept in flow theory. It «is derived from two Greek words: autos means self, telos means goal. It denotes a self-sufficient activity, one that is practiced without expectation of future benefits, but simply because it is inherently rewarding. Teaching children to become decent citizens is not autotelian, but if you teach because you enjoy socializing with children, it is. Obviously, the outcome of both situations is the same; in an autotelian experience, however, one pays attention to the matter for its own sake. If this is not the case, the focus is on the consequences. "

Particularly characteristic of autotelian experiences are e.g. B. climbing, deep sea sailing, getting caught up in an occupation (whether in leisure or occupation) - and reading books, which, according to the Chicago depth psychologist, is the most practiced flow activity in the world among intellectual activities. If that is the case, then the seven factors, the interplay of which creates high spirits, must be found in the act of reading.


It is obvious that the reader who wants to read with pleasure must be able to cope with the text. If the text is too demanding for him, he will feel overwhelmed. If he falls below his level, he will be bored. A balance has to be created between the two extremes, but it is not static, but dynamic. As the ability to read develops, more difficult texts become "accessible" and easier texts become uninteresting. In the course of his life, the reader moves in the so-called flow channel. If the literary sense of taste develops from adolescence to adulthood, then the demands on the book will increase, and reading happiness requires an ever higher level of reading. Of course, there are also regressions and crashes in one's biographical development. Surveys among the elderly have shown that childhood reading dreams are often memories of a paradise lost. For whatever reasons, people have forgotten in the course of their lives what is almost naturally given to children: the imaginative play with stories, the power of imagination, the ability to put yourself fully in a book. You have come out of the exercise, the feedback has been permanently disrupted.

Readiness to read and the joy of reading must be defended lifelong against disturbances. It is well known how much children today are distracted from reading by the media hype and interrupted in reading. Other disorders occur in adulthood: the demands of work, excessive demands at home, excessive leisure activities outside the home and generally the general unrest communicated via the electronic media. The lonely reader who comes across in pictures over and over again may still be a beautiful ideal, but this has little to do with the reality of modern life.

The comparison shows that concentration and dedication are essential elements of the reading culture. "Which reader do I want?" Wrote Goethe in the Xenien. "The unselfconscious, who forgets me, himself and the world and only lives in the book." How this is represented can best be studied again with children when they sit with a bright red head over their book, grown together with the heroes of their story, as inaccessible to the environment as possible. Spontaneously they go to “shelters” when they fear being disturbed, the cave under the covers, the attic, the hiding place in the house.

The sense of time also changes with the distance from everyday life. Reading as a "pastime" is by no means to be understood derogatory in the sense of cheap escapism. Only the externally measured time, which chants everyday life, is displaced, the time being switched to the inner time, which receives its rhythm from the text read and experienced. This switching from one time dimension to another is almost an indication of the occurrence of reading success, as is attested in many autobiographical documents. It indicates that the transition into another world has been successful, that a temporary transformation has taken place. In the state of happiness the reader is in a certain way beside himself. Restricting ego boundaries have been broken. The more he identifies with his text, the more he participates in new, strange experiences and insights. Psychologists speak of the devoted reader acquiring a second family with whom he can enter into dialogue. This phenomenon was already known in ancient times. "Books are the best friends of the educated and active man," noted Cicero, and Seneca confessed: "I had most of the conversations with my books."

In the adaptation of a second family there is an emancipatory and a therapeutic power. History shows that oppressed and disadvantaged groups have learned through reading to imagine a better world and to fight to make it a reality. B. by participating in the fate of other women told, in a life beyond the kitchen, children and church. The therapeutic power lies in the fact that reading can help counteract a traumatic fixation on one's own suffering. The well-known Viennese logotherapist Victor E. Frankl speaks of the book as a therapeutic agent, quite in a clinical sense, and proves this from long medical experience. Unfortunately, modern medicine knows precious little about this healing power of reading.

The Heidelberg medical historian Heinrich Schipperges overwrites his bibliotherapeutic considerations as “Reading changes”. The very wording of the title suggests that the reader who knows how to read is not a passive recipient. In the act of reading, he collaborates on the text. While he takes it in, he deals with it, complements it from his own life experience and, if he is affected by it, can be transformed. Just as he not only wants to be obedient and obedient in his primary family, he also wants to play along in the truest sense of the word in his secondary family. “The real reader”, says Novalis, “must be the advanced author”, and Voltaire considers the books to be the most profitable, as they encourage the reader to add to them and continue them. Children can be teachers in this. They are able to identify with their favorite stories in such a way that they continue to dream them, to join the characters in their imagination. The ability to become a co-author is a good prerequisite for success in reading.


When a book challenges without overwhelming, when it can be absorbed in an undisturbed flow, with concentration and devotion, when a different sense of the world and time sets in, when the reader breaks away from himself and yet is with himself in a deeper sense, then, in these moments of purposeless existence, reading is experienced as a happy one. An autotelic state has been reached.

The sharpest contrast to this is reading according to aims and purposes, "reading in order to". Of course, it is undeniable that instrumental reading is an indispensable skill, the normal case of reading. Without mastering this cultural technique, one would not be able to survive in our complex world. But the purposeful reading posture leads at best to an enjoyable aha experience, never to a fulfilling, longer lasting high experience. This is the presumably inevitable dilemma of literary education. It should lead to the beauty of a poem. But as soon as the text is "treated" in class in order to explain this or that, the reading frustration arises that spoils some pupils from dealing with literature for years.

The cognitively undirected reading posture does not fit into the web of usefulness in which we are normally tied.It has the quality of a game that relieves the everyday constraints of reality and gives the ego a new space. In this respect, the flow theory is very close to Friedrich Schiller's game theory, which culminates in the thesis: “People only play where they are in the full meaning of the word human, and they are only fully human where they play. » In our thoroughly functional living environment, Leseglück creates an oasis of unavailability. Reading happiness is therefore not a casual phenomenon in reading culture. It belongs to the series of elementary life experiences such as communicating with nature, being close to a friend, enjoying bread and wine.

Copyright © Neue Zürcher Zeitung AG
www.nzz.ch/ /li/article8S0J5.html


Why do we actually read?


  • because we want to immerse ourselves in other lives

  • to distract from the worries of one's own life (escapism)

  • to experience new things and to learn

  • because it is fun

  • because we got addicted

  • because the books there are

  • because the image is actively created in our minds

  • because you are not addicted to zapping

  • ...



Our catalog of values

According to the OECD-PISA 2000 study, reading is "the basic competence for a satisfactory lifestyle in personal and social terms, as well as for active participation in social life."

In detail this means:

  • Reading is unchanged and in the information age, more than ever, the basic competence to open up the world and to orientate oneself in everyday life.

  • Reading is the key qualification in order to use the various information and communication media selectively and consciously. Reading does not compete with electronic media, but rather provides important prerequisites for their selective use.

  • Reading is a prerequisite for learning and acquiring an education.

  • The number of professions that require literacy, i.e. reading and writing skills, has risen to over 95%, primarily due to the use of computers. Reading is a prerequisite for professional mobility in the information society.

  • Even today, reading is an important medium for personal development and the development of self-confidence. Reading supports self-determined and self-organized thinking, feeling and acting in private and public life.

  • Reading is a dialogue with people across borders, barriers, barriers and generations and thus an important contribution to understanding and tolerance. Reading promotes empathy for others and social skills.

  • Reading conveys excitement, relaxation and entertainment. Reading frees young people from everyday constraints and gives them the chance to find distance from personal problems and an often troubled environment.

  • And above all: Reading is a fascinating adventure trip to foreign countries, in fantasy worlds or even in your own head, is fun in joy, is emotional and exciting and creative and provocative ...



Plea for reading:

In “After the Pisa Shock”, the author Florian Langenscheidt makes a glowing plea for reading: “It is a window to the world and to ourselves. [...] It educates the maturity of judgment and independent reflection. It opens up complex spaces of knowledge and education in the humanistic sense, creates holistic understanding and knowledge of connections and nuances. It inspires creativity, as it leaves empty spaces between and behind the brushstrokes of the sentences that can be colored with imagination. It lets us love and suffer with it, overrun the limits of our limitations and let our souls travel. It is the adventure in the head that we need all the more urgently, the more formed and at the same time more contingent our existence in a highly civilized world has become. " (P. 297)
Contrary to a widespread opinion, Florian Langenscheidt cannot discover any danger to the reading culture in modern media: “And what are the goods that, according to previous experience, can best be sold in the e-commerce of the network of networks? Especially the supposedly outdated medium of the book! " (P. 300) Nevertheless, there is undoubtedly a large number of young people who hang in front of the television or computer far too often; In the opinion of Sigmar Gabriel (chairman of the SPD in the Lower Saxony state parliament), learning how to deal with the new media correctly (so-called media competence) must therefore play a central role in the school of the future. (PISA and what next? Pragmatic approaches from politics and fundamental thoughts of the Langenscheidt heir on the educational shock)



Yong-Hyun Kim:Literary reading in the media society. Phil.Diss. Wins 2005



From Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann: