How did Hinduism spread

Spread of Hinduism



Hinduism (also known as "Sanatana Dharma") is a polytheistic or henotheistic religion. Unlike in Christianity, for example, there is no single God or All-Father. Rather, it is a complex of differently shaped traditions and religions that have developed and overlaid over time. The largest Hindu currents are Vishnuism, Shaktism and Shivaism.



Phases of diffusion

The oldest knowledge about Hinduism goes with the pre-Vedic religions up to the 3rd millennium BC. BC back. Within India, the spread of Hinduism took place slowly at first, and it was not until the 12th century AD that Buddhism was pushed to the second place. To this day, however, Hindu and Buddhist traditions are still mixed in many countries.

In the neighboring countries of Southeast Asia, the number of followers rose steadily in the first 600 years after Christ. In Burma, Cambodia and Malaysia, trade routes played an essential role in the development of Hindu communities. In many of these regions, however, Hinduism was later largely replaced by Buddhism.

Hindu proportions are also noticeable in the countries that belonged to the British Empire at the beginning of the 20th century. India was also part of it from 1858 to 1947, which is why numerous traders and workers moved to the other British territories. The distribution areas in the Middle East and North America, where numerous Indian workers have been drawn for about 30 years, have a similar background.

Hindu Dharma in Bali

The Indonesian island of Bali plays a special role in the spread of Hinduism. Indonesia as a whole has a clearly predominant Muslim population with a share of almost 90%. The situation is reversed only on the island of Bali, where 90% of the population belongs to the Hindu Dharma religion. The first Hindus were here as early as the 8th century. Bali became the "Island of a Thousand Temples" in 1478, when the Hindus from the neighboring island of Java, displaced by Islam, moved to Bali.