How did the Philippines become a nation?

National Heroes Day in the Philippines

On March 16, 1521, Ferdinand Magellan sighted the island of Samar from the deck of his ship and decided to sail ashore. He was to die within a few weeks, killed in battle against Lapu-Lapu, the local ruler who is considered by many Filipinos to be the first national hero of the Philippines.

What is National Heroes Day?

National Heroes Day is celebrated to mark the people who helped the Philippines gain independence and grow as a nation. In 1993 a government commission designated national heroes as those who:

  • have a concept of nation and then strive for the freedom of the nation and fight for it.
  • determine and contribute to a system or life in freedom and order for the nation.
  • contribute to the quality of life and the fate of the nation.

When is National Heroes Day celebrated?

The day is celebrated every year on the last Monday in August. It was declared a public holiday by the Philippine legislature in 1931 and was originally celebrated on the last Sunday in August.

In 2007, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed a bill to put the celebrations on a Monday to help boost the local leisure and tourism industries.

What is the date of National Heroes Day 2020?


This year it falls on Monday, August 31st. To celebrate, Azimo is offering all new customers £ 30 off money transfers to the Philippines. All you have to do is log into Azimo and then add the promo code HERO30 to the account. Existing customers can make £ 30 by recommending Azimo to their friends.

Why do Filipinos celebrate National Heroes Day?

National Heroes Day is closely related to Filipino independence and the Filipino Revolution. The day honors the people who liberated the country from Spanish rule and later secured independence from the United States.

Although Lapu-Lapu killed Magellan, the Spanish colonialists who followed him from Europe were not easily deterred. Within a few years the area was conquered by the Spaniards and named after their King Phillip II.

By 1896, an anti-colonial organization called Katipunan, led by Andres Bonifacio, had begun to infiltrate the country. Bonifacio is one of the people honored on National Hero Day every year as he is considered one of the architects of Filipino independence.

Who is Jose Rizal?

Jose Rizal is perhaps the most famous among Filipino heroes. Rizal was a writer and polymath whose works influenced Bonifacio and contributed to the rise of Filipino nationalism in the 1890s.

As the nationalist movement evolved from a secret society to a full blown revolution, the Spaniards quickly sought to regain control by suppressing any sign of turmoil. Rizal was arrested in Barcelona while en route to Cuba, where he had planned to volunteer as a doctor. He was tried and sentenced to death for conspiracy, rebellion and riot. A few months later, Andres Bonifacio met the same fate.

Who are the other Filipino heroes?

Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio are the two people most connected to the history of National Heroes Day, but they are not alone. In 1993, a presidential special committee was tasked with recommending a selection of Filipino heroes.

In 1995 the committee proposed to Rizal and Bonifacio, along with seven others:

Emilio Aguinaldo (1869-1964)
A revolutionary military leader and the first President of the Philippines.

Apolinario Mabini (1864-1903)
The first Prime Minister of the Philippines.

Marcelo H. del Pilar (1850-1896)
Writer, lawyer and journalist. Influential in the Filipino independence movement.

Muhammad Kudarat (1581-1671)
Seventh Sultan of Maguindanao.

Juan Luna (1857-1899)
Painter, sculptor and political activist during the Philippine Revolution.

Melchora Aquino (1812-1919)
Filipino revolutionary known as "the great woman of the revolution". She cared for and counseled sick and injured revolutionaries and held Katipuneros meetings in her home.

Gabriela Silang (1731-1763)
Leader of an early nationalist movement against Spanish rule.

How do Filipinos celebrate National Heroes Day?

The day is marked by parades and wreath-laying in honor of those who lost their lives in the independence of the Philippines.

So if you want to send money to someone close to your heart on this National Hero Day, Azimo is offering all new customers a £ 30 discount. Simply use code HERO30 after signing up to receive three £ 10 vouchers.

Better yet, you can earn an additional £ 30 by referring a friend to Azimo. He will then also receive £ 30.